4D Ergonomics

This page gives overall information about the project.

The context of the 4D Ergonomics project (VINNOVA/MERA, Dnr 2005-01998) is the simulation of humans in manual assembly tasks. The project builds on the previous ViPP project. The overall objective of 4D Ergonomics is to address issues of time dependent aspects of physical ergonomics (hence the "fourth dimension" in the project title). The project commenced 2006 and address issues such as:
- The development of ergonomics evaluation methods to analyse full work sequences, where the accumulated ergonomic load is computed and assessed for its criticality. This is eventually to be implemented in human simulation software so that ergonomics analysis can be performed of simulated work sequences (animations).
- Enhanced understanding of the correlation between ergonomics, quality and economics, and the development of calculation methods for linking improved ergonomics to reduced costs and gained quality.
- How modern motion capture systems can support the human simulation process by making simulations more realistic/valid, and faster to perform.

Duration

2006-2009

Project leader

Dan Lämkull, Chalmers/Volvo Cars

Partners

Academic institutions / Research organisations

- Chalmers
- Lund University
- University of Skövde

Industrial partners

- Volvo Cars
- Saab Automobile
- Delmia/Dassault Systèmes
- Siemens/UGS
- Alviva
- Etteplan/Teknikpartner

Funding 

The project is funded by:
- VINNOVA / The MERA program
- The participating organisations

Publications

Falck, A., Örtengren, R. and Högberg, D. (2010). The Impact of Poor Assembly Ergonomics on Product Quality: A Cost–Benefit Analysis in Car Manufacturing. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 24–41.

Lämkull, D., Hanson, L., Hansson, G-Å. and Örtengren, R. (2009). Physical exposure analysis of a manikin's wrist movements. Submitted to an international scientific journal.

Lämkull, D., Hanson, L. and Örtengren, R. (2009). A comparative study of digital human modelling simulation results and their outcomes in reality: A case study within manual assembly of automobiles. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 39: 428-441.

Falck, A., Örtengren, R. and Högberg, D. (2009). Early risk identification and cost-benefit analyses through ergonomics simulation. SAE Digital Human Modeling for Design & Engineering Conference (DHMC2009), Gothenburg, Sweden, June 2009, SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2287.

Örtengren, R., Lämkull, D. and Hanson, L. (2009). Digital human modeling simulation results and their outcomes in reality: A comparative study within manual assembly of automobiles. SAE Digital Human Modeling for Design & Engineering Conference (DHMC2009), Gothenburg, Sweden, June 2009, SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2292.

Lämkull, D., Hanson, L. and Örtengren, R. (2008). Uniformity in manikin posturing: A comparison between posture prediction and manual joint manipulation. International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation, 1 (2) pp. 225-243.

Berlin, C., Örtengren, R., Lämkull, D. and Hanson, L. (2008). National Standard vs. Corporate-Internal Ergonomics Evaluation - an Industrial Case Study. Proceedings of the 40th annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 11-13, ISBN 978-9979-70-471-3.

Falck, A., Örtengren, R. and Högberg, D. (2008). The influence of assembly ergonomics on product quality in car manufacturing – a cost-benefit approach. Proceedings of the 40th annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 11-13, ISBN 978-9979-70-471-3.

Lämkull, D., Berlin, C. and Örtengren, R. (2008). DHM - Evaluation Tools. In: Handbook of Digital Human Modeling: Research for Applied Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering. Duffy, V.G. (Ed.). Taylor & Francis, CRC Press. Full book chapter, submitted. Not yet printed.

Hanson, L., Högberg, D. and Nåbo, A. (2008). DHM in Automotive Product Applications. In: Handbook of Digital Human Modeling: Research for Applied Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering. Duffy, V.G. (Ed.). Taylor & Francis, CRC Press. Full book chapter, submitted. Not yet printed.

Lämkull, D., Örtengren, R. and Malmsköld, L. (2008). DHM in Automotive Manufacturing Applications. In: Handbook of Digital Human Modeling: Research for Applied Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering. Duffy, V.G. (Ed.). Taylor & Francis, CRC Press. Full book chapter, submitted. Not yet printed.

Högberg, D., Bäckstrand, G., Lämkull, D., Hanson, L. and Örtengren, R. (2008). Industrial customisation of digital human modelling tools. International Journal of Services Operations and Informatics, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp.53–70.

Lämkull, D., Hanson, L. and Örtengren, R. (2007). The influence of virtual human model appearance on visual ergonomics posture evaluation. Applied Ergonomics, Vol 38, No 6, pp 713-722.

Berlin, C. (2007). On the Development of a Time Sensitive Ergonomics Evaluation Method. Proceedings of the 39th annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, Lysekil, Sweden, October 1-3, CD-ROM.

Lämkull, D., Troedsson, K. and Falck, A-C. (2007). Virtual ergonomics within Manufacturing Department at Volvo Car Corporation. Proceedings of the 39th annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, Lysekil, Sweden, October 1-3, CD-ROM.

Bäckstrand, G., Lämkull, D., Högberg, D., De Vin, L.J. and Case, K. (2007). Reduce of ergonomics design flaws through virtual methods. Proceedings of the 39th annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, Lysekil, Sweden, October 1-3, CD-ROM.

Högberg, D., Bäckstrand, G., Lämkull, D., De Vin, L.J., Case, K., Örtengren, R., Hanson, L. and Berlin C. (2007). Towards Dynamic Ergonomics Analysis of Work Sequences in Virtual Environments. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (2007 FAIM), Philadelphia, USA, June 2007, pp 581-588, ISBN 978-1-4276-2092-7.

Högberg, D. and Case, K. (2007). Predefined manikins to support consideration of anthropometric diversity by product designers. HCII 2007 Proceedings, Digital Human Modeling, Duffy, V.G. (ed), Springer, Germany, July 2007, pp 110-119, LNCS 4561, ISBN 978-3-540-73318-8.

Wegner, D., Chiang, J., Kemmer, B., Lämkull, D. and Roll, R. (2007). Digital Human Modeling Requirements and Standardization. 2007 Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Conference and Exhibition, June 12-14, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Poster: 4D-Ergonomics - Development of Methods and Models Pertaining to Physical Ergonomics in Production and Its Relation to Productivity, Quality Outcome and Health.
Cecilia Berlin, Chalmers; Dan Lämkull, Volvo Car Corp. 2007 Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Conference and Exhibition, June 12-14, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Poster: Virtual Ergonomics Centre - A Centre Focusing on Optimisation of Product, Production and System Development Processes Where Ergonomics and Cost/Quality Issues are Mutually Considered. Cecilia Berlin, Chalmers; Dan Lamkull, Volvo Car Corp. 2007 Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Conference and Exhibition, June 12-14, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Master theses

Johansson, I. and Larsson, M. (2007). Evaluation of the Manikin Building Function in eM-RAMSIS when Using Motion Capture. Department of Human Work Sciences, Luleå University of Technology. ISSN: 1402-1617. ISRN: LTU-EX--07/122--SE.

Nielsen, E. and Stam, J. (2007). Measured and Subjective Time Distribution of Simulation Engineers’ Activities - An observation study at Volvo Car Corporation. Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology.

Adell, C. and Graells J. (2007). Evaluation and comparison between the three ergonomics software:Catia V5, JACK and eM-RAMSIS - case studies from SAAB Automobile AB and Volvo Car Corporation. Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology.