IMMA

This page gives overall information about the project.

The objective of the IMMA project (ProViking/PV09.13) is to develop a path planner tool that finds a collision free and biomechanically acceptable way for a part and the human who is assembling the part, seen as a system.

The aim is to develop a user-friendly, non expert, individual independent, path planner tool which:
1) finds a collision free way for the part and the human geometry at manual assembly
2) considers human diversity and minimizes the biomechanical loads and increases assembly quality and efficiencies
3) reduces the simulations and analyses times with at least 40%
4) is vendor independent, i.e. the tool can communicate with manikins in major ergonomics simulation and visualisation software with minor modifications.

More information, images and video through this link to FCC

Duration

2009-2013

Project leader

Lars Hanson, Scania AB / Chalmers
Telephone: +46 707-890272

Co-project leaders

Johan S Carlson, FCC (Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre)
Dan Högberg, University of Skövde

Senior researchers

Lars Hanson (PhD/Professor), Scania AB / Chalmers
Johan S Carlson (PhD), FCC
Robert Bohlin (PhD), FCC
Dan Högberg (PhD/Associate Professor), University of Skövde

PhD students

Erik Brolin (né Bertilsson), University of Skövde / Chalmers

Research assistants

Ida-Märta Rhen, University of Skövde
Niclas Delfs, FCC
Peter Mårdberg, FCC
Stefan Gustafsson, FCC

Degree project students

Dan Gyllensvärd, Halmstad University/Örebro University
Ari Kolbeinsson, University of Skövde

Partners

Academic institutions / Research organisations

- Chalmers University of Technology
- Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre (FCC)
- University of Skövde
- Lund University

Industrial partners

- AB Volvo
- Innovatum AB
- Saab Automobile AB
- Scania CV AB
- Virtual Manufacturing Sweden AB
- Volvo Car Corporation

Funding 

The project is funded by:
- ProViking, SSF (Stiftelsen för Strategisk Forskning)
- The participating organisations

Publications

Mårdberg, P., Carlson, J.S., Bohlin, R., Delfs, N., Gustafsson, S., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2013). Using a Formal High-Level Language and Automated Manikin to Automatically Generate Assembly Instructions. Submitted to International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation (IJHFMS).

Delfs, N., Bohlin, R., Hanson, L., Högberg, D. and Carlson, J.S. (2013). Introducing Stability Of Forces To The Automatic Creation Of Digital Human Postures. Proceedings of DHM 2013, Second International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, USA, June 2013.

Brolin, E., Hanson, L., Högberg, D. and Örtengren, R. (2013). Conditional Regression Model for Prediction of Anthropometric Variables. Proceedings of DHM 2013, Second International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, USA, June 2013.

Keyvani, A., Högberg, D., Hanson, L., Lämkull, D., Delfs, N., Rhen, I.M.  and Örtengren, R. (2013). Ergonomics risk assessment of a manikin’s wrist movements – a test study in manual assembly. Proceedings of DHM 2013, Second International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, USA, June 2013.

Mårdberg, P., Carlson, J.S., Bohlin, R., Delfs, N., Gustafsson, S., Keyvani, A. and Hanson, L. (2013). Introducing a Formal High-Level Language for Instructing Automated Manikins. Proceedings of DHM 2013, Second International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, USA, June 2013.

Brolin, E. (2012) Consideration of anthropometric diversity – Methods for virtual product and production development, Licentiate thesis, Research series from Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Product and Production Development: report, ISSN 1652-9243; nr 72.

Brolin, E., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2012). Description of boundary case methodology for anthropometric diversity consideration. International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation (IJHFMS), Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 204-223.

Hanson, L. and Högberg, D. (2012). Use of Anthropometric Measures and Digital Human Modelling Tools for Product and Workplace Design. In: Handbook of Anthropometry: Physical Measures of Human Form in Health and Disease. Preedy, V.R. (Ed.). Springer. pp. 3015-3034, ISBN 978-1-4419-1787-4.

Högberg, D., Bertilsson, E. and Hanson, L. (2012). A pragmatic approach to define anthropometric boundary manikins for multiple populations. Proceeding of the 44th annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference, NES2012, Ergonomics for sustainability and growth, August 2012, Antonsson, A-B. and Hägg, G.M. (Eds.), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. ISBN 978-91-637-1150-3.

Gink Lövgren, M. and Andersson, L. (2012). Developing intelligent manikins for industry use. Proceeding of the 44th annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference, NES2012, Ergonomics for sustainability and growth, August 2012, Antonsson, A-B. and Hägg, G.M. (Eds.), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. ISBN 978-91-637-1150-3.

Bertilsson, E., Keyvani, A., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2012). Assessment of manikin motions in IMMA. Advances in Applied Human Modeling and Simulation. Duffy, V.G. (Ed.). CRC Press. pp. 235–244, ISBN 978-1-4398-7031-0 (print), ISBN 978-1-4398-7032-7 (eBook).

Rhen, I.M., Högberg, D., Hanson, L. and Bertilsson, E. (2012). Dynamic wrist exposure analysis of a digital human model. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) 2012, USA, July 2012, pp. 3944-3953, ISBN 0-9796435-5-4.

Mårdberg, P., Carlson, J.S., Bohlin, R., Hanson, L. and Högberg, D. (2012). Using Ergonomic Criteria to Adaptively Define Test Manikins for Design Problems. Advances in Applied Human Modeling and Simulation. Duffy, V.G. (Ed.). CRC Press. pp. 265–274, ISBN 978-1-4398-7031-0 (print), ISBN 978-1-4398-7032-7 (eBook).

Gustafsson, S., Tafuri, S., Delfs, N., Bohlin, R. and Carlson, J.S. (2012). Automatic fitting of a 3D character to a digital human model. Advances in Applied Human Modeling and Simulation. Duffy, V.G. (Ed.). CRC Press. pp. 275–284, ISBN 978-1-4398-7031-0 (print), ISBN 978-1-4398-7032-7 (eBook).

Delfs, N., Bohlin, R., Mårdberg, P., Gustafsson, S. and Carlson, J.S. (2012). Comparison of Algorithms for Automatic Creation of Virtual Manikin Motions. Advances in Applied Human Modeling and Simulation. Duffy, V.G. (Ed.). CRC Press. pp. 285–294, ISBN 978-1-4398-7031-0 (print), ISBN 978-1-4398-7032-7 (eBook).

Bohlin, R., Delfs, N., Hanson L., Högberg, D. and Carlson, J.S. (2012). Automatic Creation of Virtual Manikin Motions Maximizing Comfort in Manual Assembly Processes. Proceedings of the 4th CIRP Conference On Assembly Technologies And Systems, Hu, S.J. (Ed.), USA, May 2012, pp. 209-212. ISBN 978-0-615-64022-8.

Bertilsson, E., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2012). Using experimental design to define boundary manikins. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, Vol. 41, Suppl.1, pp.4598-4605.

Hanson, L., Högberg, D. and Söderholm, M. (2012). Digital test assembly of truck parts with the IMMA-tool. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, Vol. 41, Suppl.1, pp.2248-2252.

Bertilsson, E., Hanson, L., Högberg, D. and  Rhen, I.M. (2011). Creation of the IMMA manikin with consideration of anthropometric diversity. Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Production Research (ICPR), Stuttgart, Germany, August 2011, ISBN: 978-3-8396-0293-5.

Bertilsson, E., Gustafsson, E., Hanson, L. and Högberg, D.  (2011). Swedish Engineering Anthropometric Web Resource. Proceedings of the 43rd annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference, Oulu, Finland, September 2011, ISBN 978-951-42-9541-6.

Rhen, I.M., Hanson, L. and Högberg, D. (2011). Risk exposure assessment of dynamic wrist motions of a digital human model. Proceedings of the 43rd annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference, Oulu, Finland, September 2011, ISBN 978-951-42-9541-6.

Bertilsson, E., Högberg, D., Hanson, L. and  Wondmagegne, Y. (2011). Multidimensional consideration of anthropometric diversity. Proceedings of DHM 2011, First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling, France, June 2011, ISBN 978-2-9539515-0-9.

Rhen, I.M., Gyllensvärd, D., Hanson, L. and Högberg, D. (2011). Time dependent exposure analysis and risk assessment of a manikin’s wrist movements. Proceedings of DHM 2011, First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling, France, June 2011, ISBN 978-2-9539515-0-9.

Bohlin, R., Delfs, N., Hanson L., Högberg, D. and Carlson, J.S. (2011). Unified solution of manikin physics and positioning. Exterior root by introduction of extra parameters. Proceedings of DHM 2011, First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling, France, June 2011, ISBN 978-2-9539515-0-9.

Högberg, D., Bertilsson, E. and Hanson, L. (2011). A basic step towards increased accommodation level accuracy when using DHM tools. Proceedings of DHM 2011, First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling, France, June 2011, ISBN 978-2-9539515-0-9.

Hanson, L., Högberg, D., Bohlin, R. and Carlson, J.S. (2011). IMMA – Intelligently Moving Manikins – Project Status 2011. Proceedings of DHM 2011, First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling, France, June 2011, ISBN 978-2-9539515-0-9.

Bertilsson, E., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2010). Digital Human Model Module and Work Process for Considering Anthropometric Diversity. Proceedings of 3rd Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) International Conference 2010, Karwowski, W. and Salvendy, G. (Eds.), USA, July 2010, ISBN 978-0-9796435-4-5.

Svensson, E., Bertilsson, E., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2010). Anthropometrics and Ergonomics Assessment in the IMMA manikin. Proceedings of 3rd Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) International Conference 2010, Karwowski, W. and Salvendy, G. (Eds.), USA, July 2010, ISBN 978-0-9796435-4-5.

Hanson, L., Högberg, D., Bohlin, R. and Carlson, J.S. (2010). IMMA – Intelligently Moving Manikin – Project Status. Proceedings of 3rd Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) International Conference 2010, Karwowski, W. and Salvendy, G. (Eds.), USA, July 2010, ISBN 978-0-9796435-4-5.

Svensson, E., Bertilsson, E., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2010). Review of the incorporation, utilization and future demands of ergonomic evaluation methods in Digital Human Modelling. Proceedings of the 42nd annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, Stavanger, Norway, September 2010, ISBN 978-82-995747-2-3.

Bertilsson, E., Svensson, E., Högberg, D. and Hanson, L. (2010). Use of digital human modelling and consideration of anthropometric diversity in Swedish industry. Proceedings of the 42nd annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, Stavanger, Norway, September 2010, ISBN 978-82-995747-2-3.

Bachelor and Master theses

Delfs, N. (2011). Manikin in Time; Development of a Virtual Manikin with Inverse Kinematics and Comfort. Master Thesis. Department of Mathematical Sciences. University of Gothenburg.

Kolbeinsson, A. (2011). Mind the gap: Extending the body into 3d environments using 2d tools for interaction. Department of Humanities and Informatics, University of Skövde. Bachelor of Science Thesis. Fulltext available at: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5279

Gyllensvärd, D. (2011). An Ergonomic Quantification Concept for Wrist Movements in DHM-Environments. Master Thesis. School of Science and Technology, Örebro University. Fulltext available at: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16093