Infrastructure Resilience - ELVIRA

The Elvira project develops time-based infrastructure dependency analysis for the power-grid to model risk assessment and resilience index, which assist decision makers in anticipating failures and their cascading effects.

Project description

Joint ISF Workshop on

Protection of Critical Infrastructures

Stockholm, 7A Centralen, Vasagatan 7, 2018-10-16, 9:00-16:00

Workshop description 

Critical infrastructure such as the power grid, the traffic network, healthcare, water supply and others are vital for keeping the society striving. The Joint ISF Workshop presents and discusses intermediate results from two Swedish projects funded by the Internal Security Funds (ISF). Both projects investigate methods to better protect Swedish critical infrastructures in a complementary way:

ELVIRA: This project investigates methods to forecast cascading effects of cyber attacks on the Swedish power grid. A combined model of the IT and power grid components is developed from which simulation models are derived to assess the vulnerability of the power grid. The project is carried out by the University of Skövde and Combitech AB.

CENCIP ISF: This project investigates the dependencies between several critical infrastructures such as the communications network and the power grid and how disruptions have an effect on the well-being of the society. This project is carried out by the University of Lund.

Hence, CENCIP ISF and ELVIRA are complementing each other. ELVIRA focusses on a single (but complex) critical infrastructure upon which many other infrastructures depend upon. CENCIP ISF has a comprehensive view and assess the effects of disruptions in certain critical infrastructure on the society.

Together, the projects create a knowledge base on how to protect critical infrastructures against attacks or natural threats. This knowledge is made available to decision makers and to operators of critical infrastructures. This workshop is part of our effort to pass on the knowledge gained so far. You also have the opportunity to assess our project results and provide guidance on where we should put invest our efforts in order to provide solutions relevant to your infrastructure protection needs.

Participation of infrastructure domain experts to this workshop is free but requires a registration. The number of seats is limited, so we ask you to register no later than October 1st by expressing your interest to:, subject line: “Joint ISF-Workshop 2018” by October 5, 2018.

Please include information about special food requirements (vegetarian,...) in the registration mail.

Presentation Highlights 

Elvira presentations

Invited Talk: Cyber Security for Industrial Control Systems, Tomas Lindström, ABB

Tomas Lindström has 25+ years of experience of R&D for Industrial Control Systems, and 10+ years of experience of cyber security for such systems. Since 2010 he is Cyber Security Manager for ABB’s business unit Control Technologies, working with cyber security for the products, projects and services from the Business Unit, primarily for ABB’s control system ABB Ability™ System 800xA.

For an industrial control system Cyber Security needs to be addressed in all phases of a system’s life cycle and by all involved parties. The system vendors need cyber security processes during the product development. The system owners need to know how to select the appropriate security solutions to provide the desired risk reduction. The installation project teams need to be able to deploy systems in a secure way. Teams involved in the maintenance of the systems need solutions to keep systems secure over time, be it the system owner or appointed service suppliers. The session will describe considerations for all these phases.

CENCIP ISF presentations

How to address interdependent National Critical Infrastructures?

This presentation introduces the aim and the context of the EU ISF project “Interdependent National Critical Infrastructures”. The project started in May 2017 and aims at: 1) enabling modelling and simulation of some of our national critical infrastructures in order to assess the effects of interdependencies between infrastructures and 2) how this type of approach can be utilized for improved risk governance of shared risks across infrastructure owners. Methods and approaches towards this end will be presented and discussed.

Workshop on Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies

The aim of the workshop is to get valuable input from critical infrastructure operators. It focuses on discussing opportunities and challenges with modelling and simulating our interdependent critical infrastructures, e.g. for supporting decision making, gaining access to data, establishing appropriate granularity of models and dealing with confidentiality issues. Further, the perceived usefulness of this type of approaches for guiding mitigation efforts addressing infrastructure interdependencies is also covered.



8:30 - 9:00 Registration

ELVIRA Project

9:00 - 9:15 Welcome

9:15 - 10:00  Security for Industrial Control Systems (Tomas Lindström, ABB)

10:00 - 10:15 Coffee

10:15 - 11:15: Elvira: Threat Modeling and Resilience of Critical Infrastructures.

11:15 - 12:00 Discussion: New challenges for cyber security in power grids

12:00 - 13:00 Lunch 


13:15 - 14:00 How to address interdependent National Critical Infrastructures?

14:00 - 14:45 Workshop on Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies

14:45 - 15:00: Coffee

15:00 - 15:45 Workshop conclusions

15:45 - 16:00 Summary

16:00 - 17:00 Informal chats (”Mingle”)

Welcome to the workshop in Stockholm!

Jianguo Ding, University of Skövde, Sweden

Jonas Johansson, University of Lund, Sweden

EU flagga

Financed by: The European Union - The Internal Security Fund

Project leader


28/11/2018:[Publication] "Multi-Level Vulnerability Modeling of Cyber-Physical Systems", The 23rd Nordic Conference on Secure IT Systems, Oslo, Norway.

19/10/2018: [Publication] "A Language and Repository for Cyber Security of Smart Grids", 22nd IEEE Enterprise Computing Conference", Stockhom, Sweden.

01/09/2018: [Technical Report] "Cyber-threat Analysis", Technical report for Work-Package 4.3 of ELVIRA project on "Techniques and Algorithms".

19/06/2018: [Workshop] 2nd Elvira Workshop annoouced! 

23/03/2018: [Technical Report] "Multi-agent Systems for Power Grid Monitoring", Technical report for Work-Package 4.1 of ELVIRA project on "Techniques and Algorithms".

23/03/2018: [Technical Report] "Complex Dependencies Analysis: Technical Description of Complex Dependencies in Critical Infrastructures", Technical report for Work-Package 2 of ELVIRA project on "Modeling".

21/01/2018: [Technical Report] "Taxonomy of Events and Components in the Power Grid: Technical description", Technical report for Work-Package 3 of ELVIRA project on "Data collection and analysis". 

19/05/2017: [Publication] "Cyber-Threat Intelligence Architecture for Smart-Grid Critical Infrastructures Protection” , Poster presented at the 2017 International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security (CRITIS 2017), in Lucca, Italy. 

21/06/2017: [Workshop] 1st Elvira Workshop annoouced! 

05/06/2017: [Publication] "CPS-based Threat Modeling for Critical Infrastructure Protection",  ACM SIGMETRICS Workshop on Critical Infrastructure Network Security, CINS 2017: Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA. 

16/03/2017: [Forum] ELVIRA members participate in the  EU "Cascading Effects Conference" in Brussels, Belgium. 

The project in short

Full-name of the project:
Threat modeling and resilience of critical infrastructures

March 2017 to February 2020

Funded by:
The European Union - The Internal Security Fund

Project partner: 
Combitech AB

Participating researchers:

Jianguo Ding, Senior Lecturer in Informatics

Yacine Atif, Associate Professor in Informatics

Manfred Jeusfeld, Senior Lecturer in Informatics

Birgitta Lindström, Senior Lecturer in Informatics

Sten F. Andler, Professor in Informatics

Yuning Jiang, Ph.D. Student

Tina Lindgren, Security Expert, Combitech AB 

Daniel Haglund, Security Expert, Combitech AB 

Björn Lindström, Security Expert, Combitech AB

Christoffer Brax, Systems Engineer, Combitech AB

Eva Nero, Software Engineer, Combitech AB 

Thomas Svensson, Software Engineer, Combitech AB