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    University of Skövde, link to startpage
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      University of Skövde, link to startpage

      Paavo Pylkkänen

      Senior Lecturer in Theoretical Philosophy
      School of Bioscience
      Room G1257

      Early on in my studies I became interested in the mind-body problem, and the problem of interpreting quantum theory, and I suppose these interests have continued throughout my career and led me where I am today.

      Main area of research - Consciousness and quantum naturalism

      On the one hand I am interested in how modern physics, and quantum theory in particular affects our general scientific world-view.  On the other hand, I am interested in whether mental phenomena – including conscious experience – could be understood in a new way in the light of such a new quantum world-view.  I have focused upon the physicists David Bohm and Basil Hiley’s interpretations of quantum theory.  The areas relevant to my research are thus philosophy, consciousness studies, cognitive (neuro)science and physics.

      Research

      My current projects relate to some very exciting developments in my areas of interest.  Within philosophy, Ladyman and Ross have proposed a naturalistic metaphysics which they call “ontic structural realism”.  While I have sympathy with many aspects of this programme, I also disagree with it in some ways and am thus currently considering alternative ways of naturalizing metaphysics.  (For a preliminary attempt, explicating some of Bohm’s ideas, see my book Mind, Matter and the Implicate Order, Springer, 2007.) Within quantum physics, I am interacting with Basil Hiley in order to bring out the philosophical significance of his recent developments of the Bohmian programme in quantum theory.  Within consciousness studies, I am discussing with the anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff and the philosopher Rocco Gennaro the prospects of combining quantum approaches to consciousness with higher-order theories.  Also, I follow and plan to comment the recent fascinating advances in quantum cognition (see e.g. the forthcoming target article by Pothos and Busemeyer in the Behavioral and Brain Sciences).

      Early on in my studies I became interested in the mind-body problem, and the problem of interpreting quantum theory, and I suppose these interests have continued throughout my career and led me where I am today.  As should be clear from the above, one main purpose of my research is to help philosophy, consciousness studies and cognitive (neuro)science to come into terms with the radical implications of quantum and relativity theory. I think this would open up a whole new way of understanding many of the key problems in these fields.  As Peter Bruza has recently emphasized, quantum theory is not merely a physical theory, but also a framework in which other theories can be developed.  Such a framework might also enable a new way of thinking – we might call it “quantum thinking”.  This might allow us transcend the mechanistic thinking habits of Newtonian physics and contemporary neuroscience that tacitly dominate and limit our current attempts to understand mind and consciousness.

      Areas of expertise

      • Philosophy of mind
      • Philosophy of science
      • Philosophy of physics
      • Consciousness studies
      • Metaphysics
      • Epistemology

      Research

      2020

      Paavo Pylkkänen

      The Routledge Handbook of Panpsychism

      2020. Chapter in book.

      2019

      Paavo Pylkkänen

      Quanta and Mind: Essays on the Connection between Quantum Mechanics and the Consciousness

      2019. Chapter in book. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21908-6_14

      Jan Walleczek, Gerhard Grössing, Paavo Pylkkänen, Basil Hiley

      Entropy

      2019. Article, editorial. https://doi.org/10.3390/e21020113 Open Access

      Jan Walleczek, Gerhard Grössing, Paavo Pylkkänen, Basil Hiley

      2018

      Paavo Pylkkänen

      The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness

      2018. Chapter in book. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315676982

      2017

      Paavo Pylkkänen

      The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science: Applications and Grand Challenges

      2017. Chapter in book. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-49276-0_14

      Paavo Pylkkänen

      On the Human Condition: Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright

      2017. Chapter in book.

      2016

      Paavo Pylkkänen

      Quantum Interaction: 9th International Conference, QI 2015, Filzbach, Switzerland, July 15-17, 2015, Revised Selected Papers

      2016. Chapter in book. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28675-4_6

      Published: 1/9/2020
      Edited: 1/9/2020
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